Animal Habitats

Habitats are regions where certain species of plants and animals grow or live. The term ‘habitat’ is derived from the Latin term ‘it inhabits’. In other words habitats are the native environment which influences and are utilized by a specific populace. Ecology has allowed the maximum use of the word habitat. According to the definition […]

Five Themes of Geography

In 1984, probably long before anyone reading this was born, a group of people decided what children should learn about geography. Basically, they decided that you should know about the Five Themes. Since then someone else has come up with something called the National Standards. When we describe a place we still use the five […]

Degrees on a Compass

Since a circle has 360 degrees, a compass has 360 degrees, too. North is at 0 degrees. The cardinal points divide the circle into 4 equal parts.360 divided by 4 = 90, so the cardinal points are 90 degrees apart. Therefore:North=0East=90South=180West=270 The intercardinal points mark the midway point between the cardinal points.90 divided by 2 […]

Early Explorers in Antarctica

Although the Ancient Greeks had believed that there was land to the far South, they had absolutely no proof of it. The very first proof came in January 1773. At that time, Captain James Cook, a British explorer, crossed the Antarctic Circle. His expedition did not see land, but they did see rocks in some […]

Continental Drift 2

#2: Closer to an Answer With new technology developed during the world wars, scientists were able to make detailed maps of the ocean floor. These maps held the secret to how the continents moved. The Ridge After the Second World War, submarines were available, and so was their technology. Once nuclear submarines were developed it […]

Continental Drift 1

#1: Fact or Fiction? In 1912, when the German Meteorologist and Geophysicist, Alfred Wegener first proposed that the continents had started off as one huge land mass, that drifted apart, most people thought he was crazy. In fact he was almost correct, although he had it just a little bit wrong. The Proposal Wegener was […]

How to Read a Compass

Finding Your Way How to Read a Compass In order to know how to read a map and give directions, and how to find out where something is, you need to know how to use a compass. Most people think of a compass as having 4 points, North, South, East and West, but there is […]

Antarctica Facts

Antarctica is the fifth largest continent and lies entirely within the Southern Hemisphere. It has the coldest climate on earth. It is also the windiest place on earth. The average annual temperature inland is –70 degrees. The lowest temperature ever recorded on earth was in the Antarctic, an incredible 128.5 degrees below zero. Now that […]

Animals in Antarctica

There is very little plant life on Antarctica. It consists of small amounts of lichen and moss, and some floating plants in the inland seas. Apart from a few insects, all of the animal life feeds from the ocean. The largest animal living entirely on the land of Antarctica is a mite. It is just […]

World Geography

World Geography is essential to the proper understanding of the planet we inhabit. A study of this subject must take off with lessons starting from the origin of the earth, its development, its features and its current geographical details. The term Geography is derived from the Greek words Ge or Gaea, both meaning “Earth”, and […]